Nursing is one of vital elements of the healthcare profession and it is a comprehensive one that caters to various aspects of patient care. Nursing practice is defined by scope of practice, which is laid down by the country or area in which the nurse is practicing. Due to unprecedented growth in the healthcare sector around the world, a large number of nursing staff is needed across the globe.
A registered nurse (RN) uses the guidelines laid down to assess patient needs and to provide them with appropriate care. He or she is responsible for checking vital signs, such as patient heart beat, temperature and vital signs. The RN is responsible or ensuring that the patient takes correct medication and administers injections, takes blood and urine samples for the purpose of tests. They are often seen to have a bachelor degrees or associate degrees in nursing. In the United States, they form the largest group of healthcare workers coming to about 2.6 million. Their roles are very diverse, so they are not limited to just administering patient care. They have to look into activities such as strategic planning, respond to emergencies, write out healthcare policies, and even take on the role of technical and ancillary staff. There are various types of certifications that they can obtain such as a CCRN, NCSN, OCN, and WOCN.
Nurses are held responsible for all the activities that they carry out in their practice. They take care of people belonging to all are groups and cultural backgrounds. The process of providing nurse caring is a combination of nursing theory, technology, social science and physical science. The major divisions in nursing are pediatric nursing, geriatric nursing, live-in nurse, mental health, learning disability and acute care nursing. Other areas of specialization are orthopedic nursing, palliative care, perioperative, oncology and cardiac nursing.Sample Essays live